A virus called the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets the immune system, which is in charge of warding off illnesses and infections. HIV can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which robs people of their immune systems and leaves them susceptible to life-threatening infections and illnesses, if it is not treated.
Individual differences in early HIV symptoms exist, and some patients may not exhibit any symptoms at all. However, it is crucial to get tested and consult a doctor if you believe you may have been exposed to HIV or are at a high risk of infection.
These are the first 10 HIV symptoms you should be aware of:
1. flu-like symptoms.
Many people experience flu-like symptoms in the first few weeks after getting HIV, including fever, headache, muscle aches, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. These symptoms, which may be mistaken for the common cold or the flu, can linger for a few days to several weeks.
HIV can result in a skin rash that usually affects the torso, arms, and legs. Little pimples or blisters may be present, and the rash may be red and itchy. It might linger for a couple of days to a few weeks and come with additional symptoms like fever or swollen lymph nodes.
Even in the initial stages of the infection, many HIV-positive individuals report having chronic weariness. This may be brought on by the body’s immune reaction to the infection as well as additional elements like anemia, depression, or sleep problems.
4. Sweats at night.
Another typical HIV symptom is night sweats. They are frequently severe and can soak the clothing and sheets, making it difficult to fall asleep and feel refreshed. Although there are many possible causes for night sweats, they may indicate HIV infection when they are present along with other symptoms including exhaustion and fever.
5. Loss of weight.
Unexpected weight loss may be a sign of HIV, particularly in its latter stages. A number of things, including diarrhea, malabsorption, and loss of appetite, can contribute to this. However, weight loss should be properly watched because it can also happen in the early stages of HIV.
joint discomfort 6.
HIV can result in edema, stiffness, and joint pain. Inflammation and autoimmune diseases, as well as the body’s immune reaction to the virus, may also contribute to this.
HIV frequently causes headaches, particularly in the early stages of the virus. Many things, such as fever, stress, dehydration, and changes in blood pressure, might contribute to them.
8. Vomiting and nausea.
Especially in the early stages of the illness, HIV can make a person feel sick to their stomach. This may be brought on by a number of things, such as adverse drug reactions, gastrointestinal infections, and adjustments in the immune system.
People with HIV may get thrush, a fungal illness that affects the mouth and throat. It might result in discomfort and trouble swallowing, as well as white patches on the tongue and inside the mouth. Some bodily parts, like the genitalia, are susceptible to thrush, which should be treated right away.
10. Daytime sweating.
HIV can also lead to excessive daytime sweating in addition to night sweats. This can happen as a result of variations in body temperature as well as other elements like stress and worry.