While rice is a staple food for many cultures around the world and provides essential nutrients, there are certain diseases or conditions in which the consumption of rice can worsen symptoms or have adverse effects. Here are six diseases that can be worsened by eating rice:
Rice is high in carbohydrates and has a high glycemic index, which means it can quickly raise blood sugar levels. Individuals with diabetes need to carefully manage their carbohydrate intake to control blood glucose levels. Consuming large amounts of rice can lead to spikes in blood sugar, making it challenging for diabetic individuals to maintain stable glucose levels.
2. Celiac disease.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the body cannot tolerate gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. Although rice is naturally gluten-free, cross-contamination can occur during processing, packaging, or cooking. If rice is contaminated with gluten or comes into contact with gluten-containing ingredients, individuals with celiac disease may experience symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and malabsorption.
3. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
IBS is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits. Some individuals with IBS may have sensitivity to certain types of carbohydrates known as FODMAPs, which can trigger symptoms. Rice contains fructans, a type of FODMAP, which can worsen symptoms in people with IBS who are sensitive to this particular carbohydrate.
4. Chronic kidney disease (CKD).
People with CKD often have to manage their dietary intake to control the levels of certain nutrients, such as potassium and phosphorus. Uncontrolled consumption of rice can lead to higher levels of these minerals in the body, which can put additional strain on the kidneys. Therefore, individuals with CKD may need to limit their rice consumption to manage their condition effectively.
Rice is energy-dense and can contribute to calorie intake. When consumed in large portions or paired with high-calorie ingredients, such as fried rice or rice dishes with excessive amounts of oil and sauces, it can contribute to weight gain and exacerbate obesity. Excess weight can increase the risk of various health conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, and joint problems.
6. Fungal infections.
Rice can be a source of fungal contamination, particularly with a type of mold called Aspergillus. Certain types of Aspergillus produce toxins called aflatoxins, which can contaminate rice and have harmful effects on human health. Consumption of aflatoxin-contaminated rice can lead to liver damage and increase the risk of liver cancer.
It’s important to note that the impact of rice on these diseases can vary depending on factors such as portion sizes, preparation methods, and individual sensitivities. If you have any of these conditions, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian who can provide personalized guidance and advice on managing your diet to optimize your health.