Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar Al-Gaddafi, also known by his full name, was a prominent politician and political theorist.
In Sebha, Qaddafi attended preparatory school from 1956 to 1961. Gamal Abdel-Nasser, who was then enjoying his greatest success in the Arab world, captured his attention. After organizing protests against Patrice Lumumba’s murder and in support of anticolonial movements in Africa, Qaddafi was expelled in his final year for taking part in one against the collapse of the United Arab Republic.
In order to take over Libya and depose King Idris, Muammar al-Qaddafi enlisted in the military and organized a coup. In spite of the support he initially received for his socialist-inspired policies and Arab nationalist rhetoric, much of the Libyan populace turned against him due to his corruption, military meddling in Africa, and history of horrendous human rights abuses. In the latter ten years of his leadership, Qaddafi, who was accused of aiding terrorism, made peace with Western leaders, and Libya started to play a significant role in supplying oil to Europe.
The Great Man-Made River Project (GMR), the late Colonel Muammar Gaddafi’s multi-billion dollar program to turn the deserts of northern Libya green, was in its early stages of construction when it was launched in the middle of 1987 by the then supremely powerful Libyan leader and former president of Libya.
The project’s construction was divided into five separate phases, each of which was supervised by a different group of international engineering firms.
The Great Man-Made River Project got underway when Muammar Gaddafi set the cornerstone for the pipe manufacturing facility at Brega in August 1984. To get water from the underground water reservoir, some 1,300 wells were drilled into the desert earth, some of which reached a depth of 500 meters. A 2,800 km long network of subterranean pipes is used to provide the pumped water to the 6.5 million residents of the cities of Tripoli, Benghazi, Sirte, and other locations. The network will have 4,000 kilometers of pipes when the project’s fifth and last phase is finished, allowing 155,000 hectares of land to be planted with crops.
More than 95% of Libya is covered by desert, making it one of the world’s driest countries. There is an enormous lake beneath the sand, however. Muammar Gaddafi established the GMR in five stages using oil revenue to fund each level.
There are no permanent rivers in the Libyan desert, only transient wadis. Because of this, the nation constructed the Great Man-Made River, the largest “artificial river” in Libya, to provide drinkable water to 90% of the population…….See More