Mirages occur when the temperature of the air near the ground is significantly hotter than the air higher up. As light passes through these layers of hot and cold air, it is bent or refracted, creating the illusion of water or other reflective surfaces on the ground.
The most common type of mirage is known as a “inferior mirage,” which appears as a pool of water or a wet patch on the road. This type of mirage occurs when the hot air near the ground causes the light to bend upwards, creating the illusion of a reflective surface on the road.
Another type of mirage is the “superior mirage,” which appears as an object or landmass floating above the horizon. This occurs when the cold air near the ground causes the light to bend downwards, creating the illusion of an object that is actually much further away.
Mirages are a common sight in hot and arid environments, such as deserts or hot roads during summer. They can also occur near bodies of water, such as lakes or oceans, where the temperature difference between the air and water can create a similar effect...See More